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Poinsettia

The poinsettia  is a culturally and commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family  that is indigenous to Mexico  and Central America . It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas  floral displays. It derives its common English name from Joel Roberts Poinsett , the first United States Minister to Mexico ,[ who introduced the plant into the United States in 1825.  (Source: Wikipedia 2013).

In the United States and perhaps elsewhere, there is a common misconception that the poinsettia is highly toxic . This misconception was spread by a 1919 urban legend  of a two-year-old child dying after consuming a poinsettia leaf. While the sap and latex of many plants of the spurge genus are indeed toxic,the poinsettia’s toxicity is relatively mild. Its latex can cause an allergic reaction in sensitive individuals. It is also mildly irritating to the skin or stomach and may sometimes cause diarrhea and vomiting if eaten. Sap introduced into the human eye may cause temporary blindness. An American Journal of Emergency Medicine  study of 22,793 cases reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers showed no fatalities, and furthermore that a strong majority of poinsettia exposures are accidental, involve children, and usually do not result in any type of medical treatment. POISINDEX, a major source for poison control centers , says a 50-pound child would have to eat 500 bracts  to accumulate levels of toxins found to be harmful in experiments.  (Source Wikipedia 2013)